Substitutions 101 – Dry Ingredients

bakedIt’s easy to cook without all of the ingredients listed in a recipe when you have good substitutions for them. I don’t believe in running to the store when I’m out of something, so I substitute on a regular basis. It’s actually easy, it’s convenient, plus it saves money. This list is primarily dry ingredients used in cooking and baking. I’ll add more to this list as I find them and I’ll also add more lists with different type ingredients, so check back. Also, if there’s something you would like a substitute for and aren’t seeing, send me a message and I’ll do my best to get it for you.

Happy cooking!

Allspice – for 1 tsp. substitute 1/2 tsp. cinnamon, 1/4 tsp. ginger, and 1/4 tsp. cloves OR 1/2 tsp. cinnamon and 1/2 tsp. ground cloves

Anise seed – for 1 tsp. substitute 1 tsp star anise OR 1 tsp. cardamon

Apple pie spice – for 1 tsp. substitute 1/2 tsp. cinnamon, 1/4 tsp. nutmeg, 1/8 tsp. ground allspice, and either 1/8 tsp. ground cardamon, ginger or cloves

Arrowroot starch – for 1 Tbsp. substitute 2 Tbsp. flour OR 1  Tbsp. cornstarch OR 2 1/4 tsp. either potato starch or rice starch

Baking mix – for 1 cup substitute 1 cup pancake mix

Baking powder – for 1 tsp. substitute 1/4 tsp. baking soda plus 1/2 tsp. cream of tartar OR 1/3 tsp. baking soda plus 1/2 tsp. cream of tartar, 

Baking soda – there is no really good substitute for baking soda

Bay leaf – for 1 whole substitute 1/4 tsp. crushed bay leaves

Beau Monde seasoning – for 1 tsp. substitute 1 tsp. seasoning salt or 1/2 tsp. table salt plus dash of garlic salt, onion salt, and celery salt 

Bread crumbs – for 1 cup substitute 1 cup cracker crumbs OR 1 cup matzo meal OR 1 cup ground oats OR 1 cup crushed corn flakes OR 1 cup crushed potato chips

Brown sugar – for 1 cup packed substitute 1 cup white sugar plus 1/4 cup molasses and decrease the liquid in recipe by 1/4 cup OR 1 cup white sugar OR 1 1/4 cups powdered sugar

Cajun Spice – for 1 Tbsp. substitute 1/2 tsp. white pepper, 1/2 tsp. garlic powder, 1/2 tsp. onion powder, 1/2 tsp. ground red pepper, 1/2 tsp. paprika, and 1/2 tsp. black pepper

Cardamon (ground) – for 1 tsp. substitute 1 tsp. ground anise

Chocolate (semisweet) – for 1 ounce substitute 1 (1 ounce) square of unsweetened chocolate plus 4 tsp sugar OR 1 ounce semisweet chocolate chips plus 1 tsp shortening

Chocolate (unsweetened) – for 1 ounce substitute 3 Tbls. unsweetened cocoa plus 1 Tbls shortening or vegetable oil or butter

Chocolate (white) – for 1 ounce substitute 1 ounce milk chocolate OR 1 ounce sweet dark chocolate

Cocoa – for 1/4 cup substitute 1 (1 ounce) square unsweetened chocolate

Coffee – for 1/4 cup substitute 2 Tbsp. instant espresso powder dissolved in 3 Tbsp. hot water 

Cornmeal (stone ground) – for 1 cup substitute 1 cup regular milled cornmeal OR corn grits OR polenta OR maize meal

Cornstarch – for 1 Tbsp. substitute 2 Tbsp. all-purpose flour OR 2 Tbsp. granulated tapioca OR 1 Tbsp. potato or rice starch OR 1 Tbsp. arrowroot OR 4 tsp. instant tapioca

Cracker crumbs – for 1 cup substitute 1 cup bread crumbs OR 1 cup matzo meal OR 1 cup ground oats

Cream of tartar – for 1 tsp substitute 2 teaspoons lemon juice OR 2 teaspoons vinegar (some charts recommend 1 tsp. lemon juice or vinegar)

Flour (all-purpose for thickening) for 1 Tbsp. substitute 1 1/2 tsp. cornstarch, arrowroot starch, potato starch, or rice starch OR 1 Tbsp. granular tapioca OR 1 Tbsp. waxy rice flour OR 1 Tbsp. waxy corn flour OR 2 Tbsp browned flour OR 1 1/2 tsp. whole wheat flour and 1/2 tsp. all purpose flour

Flour (bread) – for 1 cup substitute 1 cup all-purpose flour plus 1 tsp wheat gluten (available at health food stores & some supermarkets)

Flour (Cake) – for 1 cup substitute 1 cup all-purpose flour minus 2 Tbls.

Flour (Self-rising) – for 1 cup substitute 7/8 cup all-purpose flour plus 1 1/2 tsp. baking powder and 1/2 tsp. salt

Garlic – for 1 clove substitute 1/8 tsp. garlic powder OR 1/2 tsp. granualted garlic OR 1/2 tsp. garlic salt & reduce salt in recipe

Garlic salt – for 3/4 tsp. substitute 1 medium size clove OR 1/2 tsp. minced fresh garlic

Ginger (dry) – for 1 tsp. substitute 2 tsp chopped fresh ginger

Ginger (fresh) – for 1 tsp. minced substitute 1/2 tsp. ground dried ginger

Hazelnuts – for 1 cup whole substitute 1 cup macadamia nuts OR 1 cup almonds

Herbs (fresh) – for 1 Tbsp. finely cut substitute 1 tsp. dried ground herbs OR 1 tsp. dried crumbled herbs

Italian seasoning – for 1 1/2 Tbsp. substitute 1 tsp. basil, 1 Tbsp. fresh or dried parsley, and 1/2 tsp. oregano

Macadamia nuts – for 1 cup substitute 1 cup almonds OR 1 cup hazelnuts

Mace – for 1 tsp. substitute 1 tsp. nutmeg

Marshmallows (miniature) – for 1 cup substitute 8-10 large marshmallows

Mint (fresh) – for 1/4 cup chopped substitute 1 Tbls. dried mint leaves

Mustard (dry) – for 1 tsp. substitute 1 Tbsp. prepared mustard OR 1/2 tsp mustard seeds

Nuts (chopped, ground, or whole) – for 1 cup substitute 1 cup similar nuts prepared in the same way OR 1 cup rolled oats, browned (in baked products)

Parsley – for 1 Tbls. chopped fresh substitute 1 Tbls. chopped fresh chervil OR 1 tsp. dried parsley

Peppermint (dried) – for 1 Tbsp. substitute 1/4 cup fresh chopped mint

Poultry seasoning – for 1 tsp. substitute 1/2 tsp. ground sage, 1/2 tsp. dried thyme, and 1/2 tsp. dried rosemary

Pumpkin pie spice – for 1 tsp. substitute 1/2 tsp. cinnamon, 1/4 tsp. ginger, 1/8 tsp. allspice, and 1/8 tsp. nutmeg

Rice (white) – for 1 cup cooked substitute 1 cup cooked barley OR 1 cup cooked bulgar OR 1 cup cooked brown or wild rice 

Saffron – for 1/4 tsp. substitute 1/4 tsp. tumeric

Semi-sweet chocolate chips – for 1 cup substitute 1 cup chocolate candies OR 1 cup peanut butter or other flavored chips OR 1 cup chopped nuts OR 1 cup chopped dried fruit

Tapioca (quick-cooking for thickening) – for 1 Tbsp. substitute 1 Tbsp. flour

Vanilla bean – for 1/2 bean substitute 1 Tbsp. pure vanilla extract

White sugar – for 1 cup substitute 1 cup brown sugar OR 1 1/4 cups confectioner’s sugar OR 3/4 cup honey OR 3/4 cup corn syrup

Yeast (active dry) – for 1 (.25 ounce) package substitute 1 cake compressed yeast OR 2 1/2 tsp. active dry yeast OR 2 1/2 tsp. rapid rise yeast

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